Honestly, who would have known I would become a farmer. My maiden name, Reslock, is literally a farm and town in Norway, outside of Lillehammer. I am of course, Norwegian to a great degree, in my ancestory. Our name Reslock today, was Reslokken yesterday, the late 1700s in Norway.
Here is our history and the legacy that still exists in Norway today. So very fascinating for me as I too have become a farmer, in the hills, where I need to cut out shelves into the hills to farm. It is amazing that the coat of arms for the county my ancestors lived in is this, the Pulsatilla Vernalis,(spring pasqueflower, arctic violet, lady of the snows). It is a flowering plant native to the mountainous habitats in Europe. In early spring it bears anemone-like flowers, white flushed with violet on the outer surface of the petals, and prominent yellow stamens. Vernalis means “of spring”. It lives in the mountains, as do I, and it is the first mark of Spring for which I write so much poetry. It so fascinating that I, in 2017, live the exact same life as my ancestors of the 1700s – living the name Reslock, Reslokken, every day of my farming existance, high in the mountains and who is also a skier. Amazing how my DNA has made me who I am — I had no idea! Learn more below.
Translated with courtesy to the Reslock descendents, Cheryl Miller and Jennifer Shank
The farm was originally an inclose cleared by the settler in Lillerusten. The inclose was located north and above the houses of Lillerusten, on a shelf at the hillside, or a “res” in the local dialect. Hence the name Resløkken (Res=shelf, løkken=inclose). Our family all originated from here on the farm that is located in the Gudbrandsdalen area of Oppland county. Unforunately the parish church burned down in the early 1800s and the parish records were lost prior to 1797.
Oppland County Norway’s administration is in Lillehammer. Oppland is, together with Hedmark, one of the only two landlocked counties of Norway. Oppland extends from the lakes Mjøsa and Randsfjorden to the mountains Dovrefjell, Jotunheimen and Rondane. Oppland includes the towns Lillehammer, Gjøvik, Otta, and Fagernes, and Norway’s two highest mountains, Glittertind and Galdhøpiggen.Valdres and the Gudbrand Valley being popular attractions. The Gudbrand Valley surrounds the river Gudbrandsdalslågen, and includes the udes the area extending from Jotunheimen down to Bagn at Begna River. It is a well known place for skiing and winter sports.
The main population centres in this area are Beitostølen and Fagernes. Eight of the ten highest mountains in Norway are located in the western part of Oppland. In Norse times the inner parts of Norway were called Upplǫnd ‘the upper countries’. The first element is upp ‘upper’. The last element is lǫnd, the plural form of ‘land’.
HISTORY OF THE FARM/LAND - ORIGINS OF OUR NAME AND HERITAGE
It was one Peder Olsen who in 1747 bought the claim to this inclose for 30 “riksdaler” (old currency) of Peder Pedersen Lillerusten. Included in the trade was also a well south of the inclose, and a small mountain farm on Slåsætrene. Further a clause that Peder Olsen should pay half the yearly taxes imposed on Peder Lillerusten.The deed is signed at Rusten September 21st 1747, and witnessed by Ole Mortensen Bragelien and Johannes Eide.
This inclose could not be subsisted on, so Peder Olsen was allowed to clear more land in the commons. Allowance dated Tolstad Feb. 28th 1760 and signed Christer Pram (As the Crowns representative.)
Peder Olsen and his wife Anne Amundsdotter didn’t have any children. As they aged, they signed an agreement with Ole Johannessen Kjeldeberget and his wife Kari Amundsdotter that these should move to Resløkken to take care of them. But after Ole and Kari had moved in, the relationship between them and the elders turned sour, and they returned home.
Peder and Anne Resløkken then turned to her brother, Svend Amundsen, who agreed to take care of them. He got a deed on the right to use Resløkken, in exchange to a contract on yearly allowance the old couple:
They should have forage for eight sheep and two cows, yearly supplies of 6 barrels of grain (barley) and 1/2 barrel of rye, warm housing, attendance “during sickness and age”, and use of a horse when needed. When one of the passed away, the remaining person should have 4 barrels grain and 1/3 barrel of rye a year. After death they should have a dignified funeral, and Svend Amundsen should have all their remains. If anybody should claim inherit from Peder and Anne Resløkken, they should pay Svend Amundsen 30 riksdaler for each year he had supported them. The deed dated Resløkken, July 9th 1772, the contract dated June 3rd 1773.
In 1776 Svend Resløkken raised a loan of 160 rd with Jacob Hansen Solhjem against mortgage in Resløkken and all movables and cattle, to buy the farm.
Then Svend Amundsen died, from his debts and responsibilities, from his wife and two daughters. The estate was settled at Resløkken April 13th 1779, heiresses were his wife Brit Hansdotter and daughters Anne (elder) 3 1/2 years and Anne (younger) 1 year old.
Resløkken was now put up for sale on auction. Procurator Hans Gotfred Hansen and Anders Lysgård, “lensmann” (local sheriff) in Ringsaker, were the buyers. They paid 170 rd and continuation of the responsibility for Anne and Peder. They should also redeem the debts to Jacob Hansen Solhjem with 160 rd and 10 rd interest. The trade also included the Lillerusten farm.
Three years later the new owners sold the farms Resløkken and Lillerusten to Hans Østensen Forbrigd for 300 rd and the caretaking of Peder Resløkken (his wife Anne has passed away), and also to an elderly couple in Lillerusten. Deed signed Ringsaker April 12th 1782.
Two years later Hans Østensen Forbrigd sold the farm Resløkken to one Peder Olsen for 160 riksdalar. Deed dated Sandbu, Feb. 5th 1784. To finance this, Peder Olsen raised a loan at 163 rd with Ole Larsen Selsjord, (from Loftsgård,) against mortgage in Resløkken, and 4 % interest.
Already next year Peder Olsen sold Resløkken to Fredrik Amundsen Slåen for 207 rd. Deed dated Sandbu, Feb. 23rd 1785.
Now Resløkken was traded once more, this time from Fredrik Amundsen Slåen to one Peder Amundsen.
Peder Amundsen was married to one Marit Amundsdotter. This couple lives in Resløkken in 1801, according to the census this year. Four of their five children were born at that time.
When Peder Amundsen died, Amund Fredriksen Slåen is appointed guardian of Marit according to the settlement of the estate dated Feb. 11th 1808. This could indicate a family relationship between the families in Slåen and Resløkken.
Peder and Marit had these children: 1. Anne b.ca. 1788 – marriedt 1809 to Ole Pedersen b.ca. 1758. He used the cottage allotment Brekken under Sandbu, neighbours to Resløkken, so for Anne it was just to “jump over the fence”. Five known children. Ole died in 1832, Anne lived until 1870. 2. Amund b. 1791 – undertook the farm. 3. Fredrik b.ca. 1795 – lived unmarried at Resløkken. Died in 1866, 72 years old. 4. Kari b. 1800 – dead 1808 5. Hans b. 1805 – dead 1815 Marit Amundsdotter passed Resløkken, matr.no. 192, to her son Amund Pedersen for 50 rd and a yearly allowance, deed dated Hammer, Feb 22nd 1813. Amund Pedersen married 1819 to Kari Hansdotter b.ca. 1798, daughter of Hans Paulsen Viken and his wife Mari Paulsdotter, living at Viken in Sødorp in 1801. Amund and Kari had eight children: 1. Peder b. 1820 – succeeded to Resløkken. 2. Hans b. 1822 – married 1851 to Kari Hansdotter f. 1827, daughter of Hans Eriksen Bakkemoen and spouse Anne Hansdotter from southern Eide, lived at Bakkemoen farm. Hans and Kari bought the farm Slettvika in Sødorp in 1855. 7 children. They lived in Slettvika the rest of their lives, he died already in 1877, she in 1913. 3. Kari b. 1824 – unmarried. In 1875 Kari owned northern Resset farm, devided from Resløkken by her brother Peder. 4. Marit b. 1826 – was probably mentally retarded. Lived all her life in Resløkken, died in 1885. 5. Fredrik b. 1829 – married 1856 to Anne Hansdotter Lillerusten b. 1824. Her father was Hans Pedersen Klomstadenget, her mother Kari Syversdotter of Einangen. Kari lived as widow in Lillerusten when she got a daughter Anne. Fredrik and Anne lived in Lillerusten. Two children. Before marriage Anne had a son. Fredrik died in 1910, then widowed for 11 years. 6. Anne f. 1832 – marriedt 1874 to Nils Johnsen b. 1843, son of John Nilsen Viksøyen and Mari Nilsdotter of Teigøyen. Anne and Nils lived after marriage at northern Resset with her sister, and got their son Amund in 1876. After that no traces. Nils worked on the railroad, and they probably travelled around where work could be found. 7. Rønnaug b. 1835 – died 1837 8. Rønnaug b. 1838 – unmarried, but had a daughter with Paul Olsen Morken from Kvam; Anne Marie b. 1870. Mother and daughter lived in 1875 with Kari at northern Resset, and Anne Marie is registered as living at Resset at her confirmation in 1884. Probably the same as Anne Resset registered as emigrated to America in 1893. Rønnaug was living in Resløkken when she died of cancer in 1891. Kari Hansdotter died in 1847, 48 year old. Amund Pedersen remarried in 1853 to a new Kari. She was born ca. 1797 on Mæhlumsvangen, and was daughter of Christen Olsen of Mæhlum and Marit Iversdotter of Uppigard Bu, farmers at Mæhlumsvangen in 1801. Obviously there were no children in this marriage, but Amund and his new wife Kari got as many as 20 years together. Amund died in 1883 and Kari in 1884. The eldest son Peder Amundsen had since many years succeeded to the farm. He is registered as user and owner in 1865. This year Resløkken had one horse, nine cattle, 18 sheep and a pig. Peder married 1851 to Mari Hansdotter b. 1823, daughter of Hans Eriksen Bakkemoen and spouse Anne Hansdotter of southern Eide. Mari was sister of Kari married to Hans, the two year younger brother of Peder. Peder and Mari had 10 children: 1. Kari b. 1848 – born before marriage. Kari married 1873 to Kristian Larsen Lillerusten b. 1848. He was illegitimate son of Anne Hansdotter Lillerusten and Lars Johnsen Åmodt. Kristian was shoemaker, and he and Kari lived partly in Lillerusten, partly in Resløkken. In 1900 they lived in Resløkken with 7 of their 9 children. 2. Amund b. 1852 – married 1876 to Maria Pedersdotter b. 1855, daughter of Peder Pedersen Horgen and Mari Steinarsdotter Faukstad, farmers of Faukstad Uppigard in Heidal. Amund and Maria lived with her parents when they got their son Peder b. 1876. They then emigrated to America in 1879. 3. Hans b. 1854 – succeeded his parents in Resløkken. 4. Peder b. 1855 – shoemaker, emigrated to America on the same vessel as his brother Amund. Peder settled in Devils Lake, North Dakota, where he had a major shoemakers store. He was unmarried when he left Norway, but married somebody who probably was from his home area. 5. Kari b. 1857 – lived home and helped Hans on the farm. She died in 1934. 6. Iver b. 1859 – married 1899 to Karen Torsdotter b. 1873, daughter of Tor Olsen Åmodt and spouse Anne Andersdotter of lower Bilben in Heidal, farmers at northern Åmodt, Sjoa. After marriage Iver emigrated in 1899 to USA, destination Wisconsin. His wife Karen followed in 1902 with the daugther Thora, 2 years old. 7. Fredrik b. 1862 – unmarried. Lived home. Died 1902, only 40 years old. 8. Kristian b. 1863 – died 1874. 9. Anne b. 1866 – married 1898 to Mathias Olsen Sigtrudplassen b. 1865, son of Ole Erlandsen Stanviksranden and wife Marit Bersveinsdotter of Bondestad under Breden, lived on Sigtrudplassen under Ny-Sandbu. Anne and Mathias lived first at Resløkken. They got 3 children; Mathea b. 1898, Paul b. 1900 and Marit b. 1902. Mathias made a living for himself and his family as a quarryman. In 1914 Mathias bought the neighbour farm Brekken from Anders H. Sandbu, and the family settled there. Anne died in 1950, Mathias two years later. 10. Rønnaug b. 1869 – married 1891 to Erik Amundsen Bilben b. 1852, son of Amund Eriksen of Åseng and spouse Kari Hansdtr. Bilben, farmers at lower Bilben in 1865. Erik went to America, but came back after 17 years, married and rented a grocery store at northern Kolloen, Sjoa from 1894 to 1907. Then the family moved to Slåstuen, and lived there until Erik started his own store at Kolstugubakken in 1911. Erik died in 1937, Rønnaug lived until 1954. They got 6 children, one of them was Pauline b. 1901, who succeeded her father as storekeeper in the 1920s. She married Carl Resset who had his own installation shop in her grocery store. Not until 1997 Pauline winded up her business, and two years later she left this world, 98 years old. It was still Peder Amundsen and Mari Hansdotter who had Resløkken in 1900. He was then 80, she was 77 years old. Three children and a servent lived with them. Close relatives lived in two other houses on the farm. Altogether 18 persons lived on Resløkken this year. Two years later both Peder and Mari are dead. They died the same year, he in May and she in December 1902. Now the eldest son Hans succeeded. He was wheeler and blacksmith in addition to managing the farm. He never got married, but his sister Kari helped him in his daily work . After Kari passed away, his sisters daughter Mathea on the neighbour farm Brekken took care of him in his older days. Hans conveyed Resløkken to her in 1946, and died the next year. With Mathea Brekken (1898-1982) the farming activities at Resløkken gradually declined as she grew older. In 1969 she signed the farm to her daughter and son-in-law, and from 1987 their eldest son has been the owner of Resløkken.