Our Heritage Livestock ~ Some Critically Endangered

THE FARM COMMUNITY AT HiBAR RANCH

Nigerian Dwarf Goats are miniature dairy goats that are low intensity grazers (half of the normal sized goat) while producing and amazing 1000 pounds of milk per year.  This dairy powerhouse provides a high content milk fat making the milk ideal for gourmet cheese and dairy products.  All our Nigerian Dwarf goats are AGS registered (American Goat Society) but can be triple registered with Nigerian Dwarf Goat Association and American Dairy Goat Association.

 

Boer and Nubian/Boer Cross Goats Boer is a breed of goat that was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production. Their name is derived from the Afrikaans word “boer”, meaning farmer. The meat of Boer goat tastes very fine, like a cross between beef and lamb.  Nubian boer is a cross between these two productive breeds, for the purpose of increasing the quality of meat while retaining the nubian’s milking ability. And nubian boer goats are suitable for both meat and milk production.

 

Navajo Churro Sheep are the oldest livestock breed in North America stemming from Spanish  breeds introduced over 400 years ago.  They are a threatened heritage breed of sheep originated from the Navajo Indians and serving as the foundational flock for the famed Navajo blankets.  Kit Carson and his boys destroyed the Navajo Churro population as the cavalry pushed the indians out of their native lands.  The few sheep that were left were later found in the mountains and re-bred to begin rebuilding this amazing heritage breed.  We are a dedicated breeder to Navajo Churro ‘standards’ to assure this legacy is preserved for generations to come.

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Alpaca are a domesticated species of the South American Camelid resembling a small llama.  Alpaca fleece is a lustrous and silky natural fiber.  While similar to sheep’s wool, it is warmer, not prickly and bears no lanolin which makes it hypoallergenic.  It is also soft and luxurious.  In physical structure, aplaca fiber is somewhat akin to hair, being very glossy.

 

Heritage Breed Chickens we have a mix of heritage dual purpose chickens including Rhode Island Red, Red Star, Black Star, Pioneer, and ISA Brown.

 

Chocolate, Midget White and Bourbon Red Turkeys – Chocolate turkeys which are critically endangered now were common in the Southern U.S. and France before the Civil War.  Large numbers of breeders were lost during the war and breeding popularity never recovered. The whole population was reduced to twelve birds before they started to make a comeback. Due to the lack of breeding birds then, most chocolate turkeys today are not pure and are carriers of Bronze and Narragansett genes; some may carry Bourbon Red as well. Chocolates are one of the largest heritage turkey varieties and are known to be very gentle. Chocolate turkeys are good mothers and chicks are born with coco bodies and white heads.  The meat is flavorful, but not all that different for your average turkey. Chocolates do produce more meat than some other heritage varieties due to their large size with mature weights of toms approximately 33 lbs. and hens 18 lbs.  Their dressed weight is 24 to 28 pounds for the tom and 14 to 16 pounds for the hen.  Although larger in size, their health and mobility is not affected. Chocolates are still critically endangered.  Midget Whites which are also critically endangered now were created in the early 1960s by Dr. J. Robert Smyth at the University of Massachusetts. They were developed to meet an anticipated demand for a small version of the broad breasted turkey.  The survival of this breed now lies completely in the hands of private individuals.  The Midget White, with its broad breast, has the appearance of a miniature of the commercial Broad Breasted White turkey. This quality provides the variety with good meat production and makes the Midget White a fine table fowl. The variety was developed from a cross of a commercial Broad Breasted White turkey and an exhibition Royal Palm. Midget White toms average 13 lbs., hens average 8 lbs. In Wisconsin, the birds were selected for higher egg production, fertility, and hatchability. The hens laid an average of 60-80 large eggs per year, weighing only three to five grams less than those of the broad breasted white turkey. Hatchability was 75-80%. Bourbon Reds which are threatened now were named for Bourbon County in Kentucky’s Bluegrass region where they originated in the late 1800’s. They were developed by J. F. Barbee from crosses between Buff, Bronze, and White Holland turkeys.  The Bourbon Red variety was recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1909. It was ambitiously selected and promoted for utility traits, including a production-type conformation with a heavy breast and richly flavored meat. The Bourbon Red was an important commercial variety through the 1930s and 1940s. As time went on, however, it declined in popularity as it was unable to compete with the broad breasted varieties. Since 2002, renewed interest in the biological fitness, survivability, and superior flavor of the Bourbon Red has captured consumer interest and created a growing market niche.  Standard weights for Bourbon Reds are 23 pounds for young toms and 14 pounds for young hens.

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Bourbon Red top left, Midget White bottom left and Chocolate right

Rouen, Indian Runner, Pekin and Silver Appleyard Ducks are all great domesticated ducks.  Rouen look very similar to mallards and are heavy set and good for pets and also meat.  Pekin and Indian Runner are both prolific egg layers and also used for egg production.

 

Silver Appleyard ducks are a threatened heritage breed were developed by Reginald Appleyard at his famous Priory Waterfowl Farm near Bury St. Edmund, England. His goal was to make a beautiful breed of duck, with a combination of beauty, size, lots of big white eggs, and a deep long, wide, breast.  Appleyards were brought to the United States in the 1960’s and became available to the public in 1984. The American Poultry Association accepted the breed for inclusion to the American Standard of Perfection in 2000.  The Silver Appleyard is a large, sturdily built duck that weighs between 8-9 pounds. They are one of the best layers among the heavyweight ducks, averaging 220 to 265 white shelled eggs per year. Appleyard meat is lean and flavorful. They are active foragers with calm temperaments and will tend to stay close to home if well fed.

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Silver Appleyard Duck – Endangered

Black Baldie and Holstein Cattle Black baldie cattle are a type of crossbred beef cattle produced by crossing Hereford cattle with a solid black breed, usually Angus. Holstein cattle are recognized by their distinctive color markings and outstanding milk production.

 

American Quarter Horses are well known both as a race horse and performance horse in rodeos, horse shows and as a working ranch horse.  Their compact body makes them well suited to intricate and speedy maneuvers required in reining, cutting, working cow horse, barrel racing, calf roping and other western riding events.  Especially those involving cattle.

 

Honey Bees/Apiary

 

Red Wiggler Composting Worms

 

Catfish and Bluegill Fish Pond

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